In this section i am going to explain the developments of the tourism industry since the 1960's and i will talk about the effects on the Travel industry.
Introduction of Jet Aircraft
The introduction of reliable Jet Planes such as Boeing 707 in 1954, meant that the brand new planes could offer more speed, so that passengers were able to get to various destinations quicker, also they added extra comfort for the passengers onboard to allow them to enjoy there flight more. They were less expensive to operate, especially for long-distance routes, which means that they were able to access different places in and around Europe, without spending lots of money to do so. This meant that more tourists could travel around the world quickly and more cheaply.
Opening of Channel Tunnel
The Channel Tunnel is a tunnel between France and England, which opened in 1994. It allows British people to Travel without having to fly, it also encourages people in France to visit the UK, this means that there will be lots of inbound tourism, which is good for the economy. It is a high-speed train service, so it is likely to be one of the quickest forms of transport, as well as being cheap. People can take their cars overseas with them, which means that they have more space for their luggage and equipment, this is suitable for families. Also for people who own properties in overseas destinations, it is useful for them to travel with their vehicles as they can take their belongins with them.
Introduction of the Euro Currency
The Euro was launched on 1st January 1999, and soon became the sole currency of 17 EU members, these include; Cyprus, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Italy, Estonia, Finland, Belgium, Austria, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Slovakia and Slovenia. By introducing the Euro, it has made travel alot easier, this is because you will only need one type of currency which is the Euro, to travel to any of these places, so it is less hassle for people as they are not required to carry around different currencys for every destination they visit. As well people are aware of the value of the Euro and feel confident with handling it.
Introduction of Expedia
Expedia is an Internet-based travel reservation web site that was started off by Rich Barton and Lloyd Frind. It was set up so that people could make reservations for things such as; airline tickets, hotels, car rentals, cruises, as well as various attractions and services so that when you are travelling for either business or leisure, everything will be organised and it is all worthwhile. It also caters for both luxury and budget travels. People are now more likely to book their holidays over the internet, rather that through a travel agent, this is because it is much quicker and very easy to do. Also people are now becoming more sure of the internet and they are starting to trust it, so people feel more confident booking there holidays independently. However this has lead to lots of travel agencies losing out on business.
Introduction of super planes
The Airbus A380 is a Super Plane, it is the worlds largest flying aircraft today, seating between 555 and 800 passengers. As it is very luxurious and spectacular, unlike any other ordinary plane, it will encourage more people to want to experience something brand new and exciting, so this will bring in lots of money for the companies who build the planes, as there will be a rush of people who want to try out their new creation.
Introduction of High Speed Train network in Europe
The first high-speed rail lines in Europe, were built in the 1980's and 1990's. Train lines, such as Train a Grande Vitesse network in France, are a type of passenger train that runs at a speed much higher than the traditional passenger trains. This means that people can travel around much quicker, in comfort and for a cheap rate.
easy Jet is one of Europe's most successful low-cost, short-haul airlines. All easy Jet sales are booked directly, so either via web or on the telephone. Their fares are all quoted one way, so the prices are low early on, then they begin to increase as the departure date approaches. They offer cheap fares by selling directly to the travellers, Also they fly to smaller regional airports, as they charge less for landing fees. Low-cost airlines such as easyJet, are a well established airline as the expansion of routes that they fly to, keeps on growing, which means that they now have a wider base, as the have introduced flights to various states within the EU. This has encouraged people to travel more, and the low-cost airlines have gained new travellers because they attracted by the low prices.
Merger of Thomson Holidays and First Choice
Thomson Holidays and First Choice first merged together in 2007, they are now both owned by the company TUI. When they were seperate companies they were losing money, as most people choose to book their holidays online these days, leaving the travel agencies with little business. So when they merged together they were able to offer things such as low cost flights, to attract customers. However they have still retained both brand names, this means that people are unaware that they are now a joint business.
Introduction of the Package Travel Regulations
In 1992 a scheme was brought in which meant that any tour operators within the UK that offer package holidays have been subject to the Package Travel Regulations. So they have responsibilities to their customers to give them correct information about their holidays, and to organise the holiday that they ask for. These regulations have been put in place on behalf of travellers, as it will give them a sense of security, and it will enable them to go on holiday, with the knowledge that if anything does go wrong, then they have the regulations to fall back on.
Introduction of APD
Air Passenger Duty is a tax imposed by the UK government on all passengers flying out of the UK. It is collected at the time of ticket purchase by the airline. This has resulted in costs for things such as flights, becoming more expensive, and has lead to people who are flying out from the UK, to go to destinations such as Paris first, and then start their long-haul journey, as it would work out alot cheaper. This has had a big effect on tourism, and has effected job vaccancies especially, because it is indicated that removing Air Passenger Duty would result in an additional 91,000 British jobs being created, this would be a huge benefit to the UK residents as there would be more job opportunities for them.